ERG Lexical and Syntactic Rules

The grammar contains several types of rules, including inflectional and derivational lexical rules, affixation rules for punctuation, and syntactic constructions. Example analyses illustrating the use of these rules from the Redwoods treebank can be found here.

Names of rules

The names of the rules are assigned using the following three-field template, with fields separated by an underscore:

Daughter sequence

Annotations

Rule type

The Daughter sequence field gives the sequence of one or two constituents that comprise the sign, separated by a hyphen, using the following abbreviations:

hd

head

hdn

nominal head

nh

non-head

sb

subject

sp

specifier

cmp

complement

aj

adjunct

flr

filler

mrk

marker

np

nominal phrase

cl

clause

vp

verb phrase

pp

prepositional phrase

n

noun

v

verb

j

adjective

r

adverb

p

preposition

w

word

num

number

prdp

predicative phrase

jpr

predicative adj phrase

vpr

predicative verb phrase

ppr

predicative prep phrase

mnp

measure noun phrase

pct

punctuation mark

The Annotations field provides a brief sketch of the distinguishing properties of the rule.

The Rule type distinguishes among the broad classes of rules, using the following suffixes:

_ilr

orth-invariant inflectional rule

_olr

orth-changing inflectional rule

_dlr

orth-invariant derivational rule

_odlr

orth-changing derivation rule

_plr

punctuation affixation rule

_c

syntactic construction

The table below contains an exhaustive inventory of the rules used in the ERG (as of the 1214 release).

Complete inventory of ERG rules

Rule type

Annotations

Example

Syntactic constructions

sb-hd_mc_c

Head+subject, main clause

C arrived.

sb-hd_nmc_c

Hd+subject, embedded clause

B thought [C arrived].

sb-hd_q_c

Hd+subj, in-situ WH

B ate what?

hd-cmp_u_c

Hd+complement

B [hired C].

hd-cmp_2_c

Hd+second complement

B [gave to C] E.

sp-hd_n_c

Hd+specifier, nonhd = sem hd

[Every cat] slept.

sp-hd_hc_c

Hd+specifier, hd = sem hd

The [very old] cat slept.

sp-hd_hc-cmp_c

Hd+specifier w/comop, hd = sem hd

The [more ancient] cat than mine slept.

aj-hd_scp_c

Hd+preceding scopal adjunct

Probably B won.

aj-hd_scp-xp_c

Hd+prec.scop.adj, VP head

B [probably won].

aj-hd_scp-pr_c

Hd+pr.scop.adj, VP hd, prd pnct

If C loses, B wins.

aj-hd_int_c

Hd+prec.intersective adjunct

B [quickly left].

aj-hd_int-inv_c

Hd+prec.int.adjnct, hd inverted

On Tuesday, can you stay?

aj-hd_int-rel_c

Hd+prec.int.adjnct, hd rel-vp

which [on Tuesday met Kim]

hd-aj_scp_c

Hd+following scopal adjunct

B wins if C loses.

hd-aj_scp-pr_c

Hd+foll.scop.adjnct, paird pnct

B wins, if C loses.

hd-aj_int-unsl_c

Hd+foll.int.adjct, no gap

B [left quietly].

hd-aj_int-sl_c

Hd+foll.int.adjct, gap in adj

That cafe, we [dined in].

hd-aj_vmod_c

Hd+foll.int.adjct, prec. NP cmp

B [saw here] a big parade.

hd-aj_vmod-s_c

Hd+foll.scop.adjct, prec. NP cmp

B [saw here] a big parade.

hd-aj_cmod_c

Conj+foll.int.adjct, prec NP cmp

B [and yesterday] C arose.

hd-aj_cmod-s_c

Conj+foll.scop.adjct, prec NP cmp

B [and probably] C arose.

aj-hdn_norm_c

Nominal head + preceding adjnct

The [big cat] slept.

aj-hdn_adjn_c

NomHd+prec.adj, hd pre-modified

The [big old cat] slept.

hdn-aj_rc_c

NomHd+following relative clause

The [cat we chased] ran.

hdn-aj_rc-pr_c

NomHd+foll.rel.cl, paired pnct

A [cat, which ran,] fell.

hdn-aj_redrel_c

NomHd+foll.predicative phrase

A [cat in a tree] fell.

hdn-aj_redrel-pr_c

NomHd+foll.prd.phr, paired pnct

A [cat, in a tree,] fell.

cl_rc-fin-nwh_c

Rel.clause from fin.S, no relpr

The cat [we chased] ran.

cl_rc-inf-nwh_c

Rel.cl. fr.infin VP, non-sb gap

People [to admire] sang.

cl_rc-inf-nwh-sb_c

Rel.cl. from infin VP, subj gap

Dogs [to chase cats] run.

cl_rc-instr_c

Rel.cl. fr.inf.VP,no gap, instr

Money [to buy lunch] fell.

cl_rc-fin-modgap_c

Rel cl. from fin-S, modifier gap

The day [we arrived] elapsed.

cl_rc-inf-modgap_c

Rel cl. from inf-S, modifier gap

The day [to arrive] elapsed.

vp_rc-redrel_c

Rel.cl. from predicative VP

Dogs [chasing cats] bark.

hd_optcmp_c

Head discharges optional compl

B [ate] already.

hdn_optcmp_c

NomHd discharges opt complement

The [picture] appeared.

hd_xcmp_c

Head extracts compl (to SLASH)

Who does B [admire] now?

hd_xsb-fin_c

Extract subject from finite hd

Who do you think [went?]

hd_xaj-int-vp_c

Extract int.adjunct from VP

Here we [stand.]

hd_xaj-int-s_c

Extract int.adjunct from S

When is he Kim?

hd_xaj-crd-s_c

Extract adjunct from coord S

Now B arises and C arrives.

flr-hd_nwh_c

Filler-head, non-wh filler

Kim, we should hire.

flr-hd_nwh-nc_c

Fill-head, non-wh, no NP, no comma

Today we should arrive.

flr-hd_nwh-nc-np_c

Fill-head, non-wh, NP, no comma

Kim we should hire.

flr-hd_wh-mc_c

Fill-head, wh non-subj, main cl

Who did they hire?

flr-hd_wh-mc-sb_c

Fill-head, wh subj, main cl

Who left?

flr-hd_wh-nmc-fin_c

Fill-head, wh, fin hd, embed cl

B wondered [who won.]

flr-hd_wh-nmc-inf_c

Fill-head, wh, inf hd, embed cl

B knew [who to hire.]

flr-hd_rel-fin_c

Fill-head, finite, relative cls

people [who slept]

flr-hd_rel-inf_c

Fill-head, inf, relative cls

people [on whom to rely]

hd_imp_c

Imperative clause from base VP

Hire Browne!

hd_yesno_c

Yes-no question from inverted S

Did B arrive?

hd_inv-nwh_c

Inverted non-wh declarative cls

Never [has B won here.]

hdn_bnp_c

Bare noun phrase (no determiner)

[Cats] sleep.

hdn_bnp-prd_c

Bare predicative noun phrase

B will be president.

hdn_bnp-pn_c

Bare NP from proper name

[Browne] arrived.

hdn_bnp-num_c

Bare NP from number

[42] is even.

hdn_bnp-qnt_c

NP from already-quantified dtr

[Some in Paris] slept.

hdn_bnp-sg-nmod_c

NP fr. detless bare sg N-N cpnd

It was at [eye level.]

hdn_bnp-sg-jmod_c

NP fr. detless bare sg adj+noun

It was at [close range.]

hdn_bnp-sg-nomod_c

NP fr. detless bare sg unmodfd

It was within [range.]

hdn_bnp-vger_c

NP from verbal gerund

Hiring them was easy.

np-hdn_cpd_c

Compound from proper-name+noun

The [IBM report] arrived.

np-hdn_cpd-pr_c

Compount, proper+noun, paired pct

The [Cupertino, Calif., company] arrived.

np-hdn_ttl-cpd_c

Compound from title+proper-name

[Professor Browne] left.

np-hdn_ttl-cpd-pl_c

Compound from title+plural proper

|Mssrs. B and C left.

np-hdn_nme-cpd_c

Compound from two proper names

[Pat Browne] left.

np-hdn_num-cpd_c

Compound from noun+number

Do [problem 6] first.

np-hdn_cty-cpd_c

Compound from city+state names

[Portland, Oregon] grew.

n-hdn_cpd_c

Compound from two normal nouns

The [guard dog] barked.

n-hdn_j-n-cpd_c

Compound from noun+[adj+noun]

kitchen heavy appliance

n-v_j-cpd_c

Compound from noun+prd_verb

a [snow-covered] town

n-j_j-cpd_c

Compound from noun+adj

a [dog-friendly] town

n-j_j-t-cpd_c

Compound from noun+trans adj

a [dog-happy] town

j_n-ed_c

Adj-phr from adj + noun+ed

the [long eared] dog

hdn-np_app_c

Appositive NP from two NPs

[Joe the plumber] spoke.

hdn-np_app-pr_c

Appositive fr.two NPs, w/commas

[Joe, the plumber,] spoke.

hdn-np_app-r_c

Appositive fr NP+propNP, no paired pnct

[The plumber Joe] arose.

hdn-np_app-r-pr_c

Appositive fr NP+propNP, w/commas

[The plumber, Joe,] arrived.

hdn-np_app-num_c

Appositive fr NP+numNP

[Joe, 22,] arose.

hdn-np_app-idf_c

Appositive with indef.NP modifr

[Joe, a plumber,] spoke.

hdn-np_app-idf-p_c

Appositive, indef.NP, parnthszd

[Joe (a plumber)] spoke.

hdn-np_app-nbr_c

Appositive with N-bar modifier

Kim, president of the PTA

np_adv_c

Modifier phrase from NP

B arrived [this week.]

np_adv-yr_c

Modifier phrase from year NP

Jan. 11 [2008] arrived.

np_adv-mnp_c

Modifier phrase from measure NP

Markets fell [50 points.]

hdn_np-num_c

NP from number

[700 billion] is too much.

n-n_num-seq_c

NP from sequence of numbers

The number is [48 205 53.]

hdn_color_c

noun from color adjective

[Red] suits you.

num-n_mnp_c

Measure NP from number+noun

A [two liter] jar broke.

n-num_mnp_c

Measure NP from meas-symbol+num

We dislike [$6] fuel.

n_mnp_c

Measure NP from bare noun

This road is [miles] long.

mnp_deg_c

Degree phrase fr meas NP, attrib

The [5 meter] tall tree fell.

mnp_deg-prd_c

Deg phrase fr meas NP, predictv

Trees are [5 meters] tall.

num_det_c

Determiner from number

[Ten cats] slept.

num_prt-nc_c

Partitive NP fr.number, no cmp

[Six] were sleeping.

num_prt-of_c

Partitive fr.number, of_PP cmp

[Six] of them slept.

num_prt-det-nc_c

Partitive fr.det+number, no cmp

[These six] slept.

num_prt-det-of_c

Partitive fr.det+num, of-PP cmp

[The first of them] left.

np_prt-poss_c

Partitive fr. possessive NP

[The cat's] is empty.

np-prdp_vpmod_c

Modifier from pred.small clause

We ran, [Kim petrified].

np_voc-post_c

Vocative modifier fr.NP, postmod

Where are we, [Kim?]

np_voc-pre_c

Vocative modifier, premod

[Kim,] where are we?

cl_np-wh_c

NP from WH clause

[What he saw] scared him.

vp_cp-sb_c

VP requiring non-WH clausal subj

That B won [bothered C.]

vp_cp-sb-inf_c

VP requiring non-WH inf.cls subj

For B to win [bothered C.]

vp_np-ger_c

NP from verbal gerund

Winning money [pleased C.]

vp_sbrd-prd-prp_c

Pred.subord phr from prp-VP

Kim arrived, [smiling.]

vp_sbrd-prd-pas_c

Pred.subord phr from passive VP

Kim arrived, [inspired.]

vp_sbrd-prd-aj_c

Pred.subord phr from adjctv phr

Kim arrived, [very happy.]

vp_sbrd-prd-ell_c

Pred.subord phr, modfs ellip.VP

Kim might, [given time.]

j_sbrd-pre_c

Pred.subord phr fr.adj, prehead

[Unhappy,] we left.

vp_sbrd-pre_c

Pred.subord phr fr.VP, prehead

[Seeing Kim] they left.

vp_sbrd-pre-lx_c

Pred.subord phr fr.lex VP, prehd

[Smiling,] Kim arose.

hd-cl_fr-rel_c

Free relative clause

We run whenever Kim runs.

mrk-nh_evnt_c

Marker + event-based complement

B sang [and danced.]

mrk-nh_cl_c

Marker + clause

B sang [and C danced.]

mrk-nh_nom_c

Marker + NP

Cats [and some dogs] ran.

mrk-nh_n_c

Marker + N-bar

Every cat [and dog] ran.

mrk-nh_atom_c

Paired marker + phrase

[Both B] and C arrived.

vp-vp_crd-fin-t_c

Conjnd VP, fin, top

B [sees C and chases D.]

vp-vp_crd-fin-m_c

Conjnd VP, fin, mid

B rose, [sang, & chased D.]

vp-vp_crd-fin-im_c

Conjnd VP, fin, mid, no comma

B rose [sang & chased D.]

vp-vp_crd-nfin-t_c

Conjnd VP, nonfin, top

B'll [see C and chase D.]

vp-vp_crd-nfin-m_c

Conjnd VP, nonfin, mid

B'll rise, [sing, & see D.]

vp-vp_crd-nfin-im_c

Conjnd VP, nonfin, mid, no comma

B'll rise [sing & see D.]

v-v_crd-fin-ncj_c

Conjnd V,VP, fin, no conjunctn

B [sees C, chases D.]

v-v_crd-nfin-ncj_c

Conjnd V,VP, nonfin. no cnjct

Be will [see C, chase D.]

cl-cl_crd-t_c

Conjoined clauses, non-int, top

B sang and C danced.

cl-cl_crd-int-t_c

Conjnd clauses, interrog, top

Who sang and who danced?

cl-cl_crd-m_c

Conjoined clauses, mid

B sang, [C ran, & D sat.]

cl-cl_crd-im_c

Conjoined clauses, no cma, mid

B sang, [C ran & D sat.]

cl-cl_crd-rc-t_c

Conjoined relative clauses

people [who fly & who run]

pp-pp_crd-t_c

Conjnd PP, top

B is [in Paris and at work]

pp-pp_crd-m_c

Conjnd PP, mid

B's [here, in P, & at work]

pp-pp_crd-im_c

Conjnd PP, mid, no comma

B's [here, in P & at work]

np-np_crd-t_c

Conjoined noun phrases, top

[The cat and the dog] ran.

np-np_crd-i-t_c

Conjoined accus-case pro and NP

[Me and Kim] left.

np-np_crd-i2-t_c

Conjoined NP and accus-case pro

[Kim and me] left.

np-np_crd-i3-t_c

Conjoined NP and nom-case pro

B saw [Kim and I].

np-np_crd-m_c

Conjoined noun phrases, mid

Kim, [Pat, and Tom] ran.

np-np_crd-im_c

Conjoined NPs, no comma, mid

Kim, [Pat and Tom] ran.

np-np_crd-nc-t_c

Conjoined NPs, no comma, top

Buy [tapes, films.]

np-np_crd-nc-m_c

Conjoined NPs, no comma, mid

Buy books, [tapes, films.]

n-n_crd-nc-m_c

Conjoined nouns, no comma, mid

Buy a book, [tape, film.]

n-n_crd-t_c

Conjnd Ns, sym agr, nondiv, top

The [cat and dog] ran.

n-n_crd-div-t_c

Conjnd Ns, sym agr, div, top

The [cats and dogs] ran.

n-n_crd-2-t_c

Conjnd Ns, sym agr, nondiv, top

The [cat and dog] ran.

n-n_crd-3-t_c

Conjnd Ns, single referent, top

My [friend and guide] ran.

n-n_crd-m_c

Conjoined N-bars, mid

No cat, [dog, or rat] ran.

n-n_crd-im_c

Conjoined N-bars, no comma, mid

No cat, [dog or rat] ran.

n-n_crd-asym-t_c

Conjnd Ns, asym agr, sg+pl, top

The [cat and dogs] ran.

n-n_crd-asym2-t_c

Conjnd Ns, asym agr, pl+sg, top

The [cats and dog] ran.

n-j_crd-t_c

Conjoined noun +adjective

[marble and wooden] stairs

j-n_crd-t_c

Conjoined adjective + noun

[wooden and marble] stairs

j-j_crd-att-t_c

Conjnd attrib adjectives, top

the [old and young] cats

j-j_crd-prd-t_c

Conjnd pred adjs, top

B is [young and tall].

j-j_crd-prd-m_c

Conjnd pred adjs, mid

B is old, [big, and tall].

j-j_crd-prd-im_c

Conjnd pred adjs, no comma, mid

B is old, [big and tall].

jpr-jpr_crd-t_c

Conjnd subord prd phr, adj, top

B ran, [happy but tired.]

jpr-jpr_crd-m_c

Conjnd subord prd phr, adj, mid

B ran, hot, [fit, and low]

jpr-jpr_crd-im_c

Conjnd sbrd phr, adj,no-cma, mid

B ran, hot, [fit and low.]

jpr-vpr_crd-t_c

Conjnd sbrd prd phr, adj,V, top

B ran, [happy and freed.]

jpr-vpr_crd-m_c

Conjnd sbrd prd phr, adj,V, mid

B ran, hot, [fit, and lit.]

jpr-vpr_crd-im_c

Conjnd sbd phr, adj,V,no-cma, mid

B ran, hot, [fit and lit.]

vppr-vppr_crd-t_c

Conjnd subord prd phr, VP, top

B ran, [feared and loved.]

vppr-vppr_crd-m_c

Conjnd subord prd phr, VP, mid

B ran, torn, [bent, & cut]

vppr-vppr_crd-im_c

Conjnd sbrd phr, VP, no-cma, mid

B ran, torn, [bent & cut.]

ppr-ppr_crd-t_c

Conjnd sbrd prd phr, PP+XP, top

B ran, [in Rome but lost.]

ppr-ppr_crd-m_c

Conjnd sbrd prd phr, PP+XP, mid

B ran, sad, [in R, & lost]

ppr-ppr_crd-im_c

Conjnd sbrd PP+XP, no-cma, mid

B ran, sad, [in R & lost]

hd-hd_rnr_c

Right-node raising

B amdires and relies on C

hd-hd_rnr-nv_c

Right-node raising, not VP

B is under or replaced by C

np_frg_c

Fragment NP

The cat.

np_cnj-frg_c

Fragment conj+NP

And the cat.

np_nb-frg_c

Fragment N-bar

Angry cat.

pp_frg_c

Fragment PP

In Paris.

j_frg_c

Fragment adjective phrase

Angry at dogs.

r_scp-frg_c

Fragment scopal adverb phrase

Probably.

r_int-frg_c

Fragment intersective adverb

Quietly.

r_dsc-frg_c

Fragment discourse adverb

Yes.

r_cl-frg_c

Fragment clausal adverb

Because we left.

cl_cnj-frg_c

Fragment clause with conjunctn

And Kim stayed.

vp_fin-frg_c

Fragment finite VP

Chases cats.

vp_nfin-frg_c

Fragment nonfinite VP

To chase cats.

cl_cp-frg_c

Fragment embedded clause

That it chases cats.

cl_rel-frg_c

Fragment relative cluase

Which we assumed.

aj-np_frg_c

Fragment scopal modifier + NP

Probably Browne.

aj-np_int-frg_c

Fragment intersctv modif + NP

On Tuesday, the cat.

aj-pp_frg_c

Fragment scopal modif + PP

Probably in Paris.

aj-r_frg_c

Fragment scopal mod + adverbial

Maybe, if we can.

np-aj_frg_c

Fragment NP + scopal modifier

The cats, probably.

np-aj_rorp-frg_c

Fragment NP + PP or intsctv adv

Many problems afterwards.

np-aj_j-frg_c

Fragment NP + adjective phrase

Pizza ready.

nb-aj_frg_c

Fragment N-bar + scopal modif

Cat : a feline.

pp-aj_frg_c

Fragment PP + scopal modifier

In Paris before we left.

j-aj_frg_c

Fragment adjectv + scopal modif

Unhappy if they leave.

hdn-cl_prnth_c

NomHd + parenthetical clause

[Cats (they snore)] slept.

hdn-n_prnth_c

NomHd + parenthetical N-bar

[Some guy (democrat)] ran.

hdn-cl_dsh_c

NomHd + dash-marked clause

[Cats - they snore - ] ran.

hd-pct_c

Head + punctuation token

B [arrived -] C left.

cl-cl_runon_c

Run-on sentence w/two clauses

B arrived; C left.

cl-cl_runon-cma_c

Run-on sentence, comma-joined

B arrived, C left.

cl-np_runon_c

Run-on sentence fr.clause + NP

B arrived; disaster.

cl-np_runon-prn_c

Run-on S fr.clause + parenth NP

B arrived (disaster).

np-cl_numitem_c

Num+sentence

2. Browne arrived.

np-cl_indef_c

IndefNP+sentence

A fool, Browne arrived.

cl-rc_c

VP-final relative clause

It rained, which surprised C.

w-w_fw-seq-m_c

Seq. of italic/foreign wds, mid

[amo amas] amat

w-w_fw-seq-t_c

NP fr.seq.of italic/foreign wds

[[amo amas] amat]

xp_brck-pr_c

Paired bracketed phrase

The [sun-drenched] cat

xp-xp_bridge_c

Robust binary bridging rule

[We admire B] [admires C]

xp_bridge_c

Robust unary bridging rule

We admire B [admires C]

Inflectional rules

n_pl_olr

Plural noun with |-s| suffix

cats

n_sg_ilr

Singular noun

cat

n_ms_ilr

Mass noun

rice

n_ms-cnt_ilr

Mass or count noun

[unknown noun]

n_pl-cur_ilr

Plural of currency noun: no |-s|

$

v_3s-fin_olr

Third-singular present verb

admires

v_n3s-bse_ilr

Non-3sing or base form verb

admire

v_pst_olr

Past tense verb

admired

v_psp_olr

Past particple verb

admired

v_prp_olr

Present participle verb

admiring

v_prp-nf_olr

Present participle verb,nonformal

admirin

Derivational lexical rules

v_pas_odlr

Passive verb

admired

v_pas-p_odlr

Prepositional passive verb

referred to

v_pas-p-t_odlr

Prep. passive of trans. verb

added to

v_pas-prt-t_odlr

Passive of verb + selected PP

relied on

v_pas-dat_odlr

Passive of dative shift verb

given

v_pas-cp_odlr

Passive of cp-complement verb

said

v_aux-sb-inv_dlr

Subject-auxiliary inversion

Did they arrive?

v_aux-advadd_dlr

Addition of adverb as complement

They did not arrive.

v_aux-tag_dlr

Tag question auxiliary

He arrived, didn't he?

v_aux-ell-ref_dlr

Elided VP compl, referentl subj

He did.

v_aux-ell-xpl_dlr

Elided VP compl, expletive subj

It did.

v_cond-inv_dlr

Conditional inversion

Had he left, we'd have left.

v_dat_dlr

Dative shift alternation

They gave the book to him.

v_np-prtcl_dlr

Particle-NP reordering

He looked the answer up.

v_inv-quot_dlr

Main verb inversion for quoting

He left, said Kim.

v_nger-intr_dlr

Nominal gerund of intrans verb

Leaving was easy.

v_nger-pp_dlr

Nominal gerund of PP-comp verb

Relying on Kim was wrong.

v_nger-tr_dlr

Nominal gerund of trans verb

The hiring of Kim was OK.

det_prt-of-agr_dlr

Partitive NP, PP-of, num agrmt

Some of us are ready.

det_prt-of-nagr_dlr

Partitive NP, PP-of, no agrmt

Each of us is ready

det_prt-nocmp_dlr

Partitive NP, no PP complement

Most arrived. part_nocomp

n_bipart_dlr

Relax bipartite constraint

The scissors isn't sharp.

n_n-ed_odlr

Noun with |-ed| suffix as adj

Long-eared sheep slept.

v_v-re_dlr

Verb with |re-| prefix

He re-tied his shoe.

v_v-pre_dlr

Verb with |pre-| prefix

He pre-signed the check.

v_v-mis_dlr

Verb with |mis-| prefix

He mis-tied his shoe.

v_v-co_dlr

Verb with |co-| prefix

He co-wrote the paper.

v_v-un_dlr

Verb with |un-| prefix

He untied his shoes.

v_v-counter_dlr

Verb with |counter-| prefix

He counter-signed the bill.

n_det-mnth_dlr

Month name as determiner

July tenth arrived.

n_det-wkdy_dlr

Weekday name as determiner

We arrived Sunday morning.

j_n-minut_dlr

Integer as minute name

Ten sixteen is too late.

j_att_dlr

Attrib adj from trans pred adj

A similar cat arrived.

j_enough_dlr

Adj intr plus enough-complement

A big enough cat arrived.

j_enough-wc_dlr

Adj w/comps plus enough-complmnt

A happy enough cat arrived.

j_n-pre_odlr

Adj from noun plus prefix

The pre-war period endured.

v_j-nb-intr_dlr

Attrib adj from intrans verb

The sleeping cat stirred.

v_j-nb-prp-tr_dlr

Attr adj from trans prp verb

The admiring crowd ran.

v_j-nb-pas-tr_dlr

Attr adj from trans passive verb

The hired consultant left.

v_j-nb-pas-ptcl_dlr

Attr adj from passiveV+selected PP

The hoped for consultant left.

v_j-nme-intr_dlr

Attr adj from intr verb, nme mod

The smiling Abrams won.

v_j-nme-tr_dlr

Attr adj from trns verb, nme mod

Our winning Abrams smiled.

w_italics_dlr

Italicized word made into NP

Some say /windshield/.

Punctuation affixation rules

w_period_plr

Period affixed to end of word

cat.

w_qmark_plr

Question mark affixed to word

cat?

w_qqmark_plr

Double question mark affixed

cat??

w_qmark-bang_plr

Qmark and exclam point affixed

cat?!

w_comma_plr

Comma affixed

cat,

w_bang_plr

Exclamation point affixed

cat!

w_semicol_plr

Semicolon affixed

cat;

w_double_semicol_plr

Robust double semicolon

cat;;

w_rparen_plr

Right parenthesis affixed

cat)

w_comma-rp_plr

Comma wrongly before right paren

cat,)

w_lparen_plr

Left parenthesis prefixed

(cat

w_rbrack_plr

Right square bracket affixed

cat]

w_lbrack_plr

Left square bracket prefixed

[cat

w_dqright_plr

Double quote affixed to end

cat"

w_dqleft_plr

Double quote prefixed

"cat

w_sqright_plr

Single quote affixed to end

cat'

w_sqleft_plr

Single quote prefixed

'cat

w_hyphen_plr

Hyphen affixed to end

cat-

w_threedot_plr

Three dots affixed to end

cat...

w_asterisk_plr

Asterisk affixed to end

cat*

w_asterisk-pre_plr

Asterisk prefixed to word

*cat

w_comma-nf_plr

Nonformal comma affixed

cat,

w_italright_plr

Italics mark |iยฆ| affixed

catiยฆ

w_italleft_plr

Italics mark |ยฆi| prefixed

ยฆicat

w_drop-ileft_plr

Ignored italics mark affixed

catiยฆ

w_drop-iright_plr

Ignored italics mark prefixed

catiยฆ

ErgRules (last edited 2015-08-25 20:00:53 by DanFlickinger)

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