matrixdef File Syntax

The file matrixdef defines the Matrix customization web interface, specifically the form fields that appear, their possible values, and the HTML surrounding and formatting them. The file is parsed server side in, and outputs HTML. The syntax currently allows for sections, labels, check boxes, radio buttons, selects, files, buttons, and text fields. There are also two special, custom UI elements, Iterables and MultiSelects. The file is broken up into sections, each of which corresponds to a different sub-page of our multi-page questionnaire.

Note that this page uses square bracket syntax "[]" to denote optional definitions.

The file consists of a series of form-field declarations, separated by blank lines. Most elements in matrixdef generally follow the syntax as follows:

Keyword Variable-Name "Friendly-Name" ["HTML-before" "HTML-after" ["JavaScript-onChange"]]

The last three parts of a form field definition are irrelevant for keywords Section and Label, and the last, Width, is only relevant only the Text keyword. Irrelevant parts of a definition are ignored.

Section, Label, and Separator

Section produces a heading in the HTML file. Label allows arbitrary HTML to be added to the page, such as notes or labels. Separator adds a horizontal line across the page.


Checkboxes are boolean (yes/no) choices for the user-linguist to choose. They are defined as follows:

 Check variable-name "friendly_name" "HTML before" "HTML after" ["Javascript onclick"] 

Additionally, a choices on one page can affect choices on other pages. This allows, for instance, a checkbox to not be rendered unless a relevant choice is marked on a different subpage, or vice versa. The choice can be marked with an exact string or a regex pattern. Multiple variables can be joined via | to form a set of variables. The syntax for this is as follows:

 Check variable-name "friendly_name" "HTML before" "HTML after" ["Javascript onclick" ["VariableName1ToSwitchOn"[|"VariableName2ToSwitchOn"]]] 


Iterables define a section of choices that can be entered multiple times by a user. A button which copies the definition of choices within an iterable allows the user to define more choices.

Iterables are enclosed by the BeginIter and EndIter keywords.


    BeginIter forbid{k} "a Forbid constraint"

      Select others "Noun Position Class {i} Lexical Rule Type {j} forbids" "Lexical Rule Type {j} forbids the following: " ""
      fillcache c=nouns
      fillregex p=noun-pc[0-9]+(_lrt[0-9]+)?_name
      . noun "Any noun" "any noun"

    EndIter forbid

where the syntax of BeginIter is as follows:

The above matrixdef definitions create HTML with appropriate javascript functions to generate an iterable select option. This can be viewed live by looking at the forbid constraints on lexical rules on the Morphology page.

These options are defined as follows:

Forthcoming syntax allows iterables to be toggled given a choice on a different subpage. The choice can be marked with an exact string or a regex pattern. For instance, Incorporated Stem Lexical Rules are only available on nouns in the Morphology page if the "Some nouns in this language take adjectives as incorporated affixes:" checkbox is checked. The name of this Check option is adj_incorp, and so to create an iterable that is skipped if the adj_incorp is checked, the following syntax is used:


Using this syntax, if the choice named adj_incorp has a value, the iterable will appear, else, it will not.

Note that if an iterable is activated by some choice, filled out, and then the choice that it switches on is deactivated, the iterable and its data will be lost. This is intended behavior.

Radio Buttons

Radio buttons have additional syntax associated with them. Whereas the other form field definitions consist of single lines separated by blank lines, radio button definitions consist of multiple lines: the first defines the name of the radio button group and the subsequent lines define the radio buttons and the values associated with them.

    Radio variable "Friendly-Name" "HTML-before" "HTML-after"<<BR>>
    . choice-variable "Choice Friendly-Name" "Choice HTML-before" "Choice HTML-after/Choice Text"<<BR>>
    . choice-variable "Choice Friendly-Name" "Choice HTML-before" "Choice HTML-after/Choice Text" disabled_flag_x<<BR>>
    . etc...

A sample radio button definition appears below:

    Radio neg-infl-type "Negative inflection type" "On: " ""
    . aux "Auxiliaries only" "" "auxiliaries only "
    . main "Main verbs only" "" "main verbs only "
    . aux-main "Main or auxiliary verbs" "" "any finite verb (main or auxiliary)<br>" x

Notice that the radio button lines have a keyword of ".". This is a placeholder that keeps the number of parts in all definitions consistent. The definition above produces the following HTML:

    <input type="radio" name="neg-infl-type" value="aux" id="choiceID1"><label for="choiceID1">auxiliaries only </label>
    <input type="radio" name="neg-infl-type" value="main" id="choiceID2"><label for="choiceID2">main verbs only </label>
    <input type="radio" name="neg-infl-type" value="aux-main" id="choiceID3" disabled><label for="choiceID3">any finite verb (main or auxiliary) <br></label>

Forthcoming syntax allows a radio button form to be toggled given a choice on another subpage. This allows a radio button form to not be rendered unless a relevant choice is marked on a different subpage. The choice can be marked with an exact string or a regex pattern. The syntax for this is as follows:

 Radio variable-name "friendly_name" "HTML before" "HTML after" ["VariableName1ToSwitchOn"|"VariableName2ToSwitchOn"] 

Select and Multiselect

Select creates drop-downs via HTML select elements. A Select element must be followed by one or more lines specifying the values in the drop-down. These values can be defined overtly as radio button values as described above.

Multiselect creates custom drop-downs which allow for multiple choices to be checked. Otherwise, they are the same as Select.

Multiselect allows an option to be greyed out by putting an "x" flag after the option.

Alternatively, or in addition, Select and Multiselect lines may be followed by 'fill' statements that can take zero or more arguments, e.g., fillregex p=number[0-9]+_name n=1, where the arguments in this example are p=pattern and n=1. Possible arguments are defined in

Text and TextArea

Text inserts a small text input box, while TextArea inserts a larger one. The syntax is as follows:

    Keyword Variable-Name "Friendly-Name" ["HTML-before" "HTML-after" [Width]]

These also support the special Width keyword, to specify the maximum length, in characters, of the input.

There is also an OnChange flag that allows JavaScript to be associated with the OnChange event of the text field (that is, code that is executed when the text box changes).


Add information to the HTML page hidden from the user, such as text to be shown via some JavaScript interactivity or JavaScript.


Define a file to be uploaded.


Define a button with a JavaScript handler attached.

Fill commands

The possible fill commands are as follows:

One can use fill commands as well as additional choices in both Select and MultiSelect blocks:

MultiSelect inputs "Verb Position Class {i} Input" "<br/>Possible inputs:" ""
  fillcache c=verbs
  fillcache c=auxes
  fillregex p=verb-pc[0-9]+(_lrt[0-9]+)?_name
  . verb "Any verb" "any verb"
  . iverb "Any intransitive verb" "any intransitive verb"
  . tverb "Any transitive verb" "any transitive verb"
  . aux "Any auxiliary verb" "any auxiliary verb"

Choice Caching

A questionnaire page does not have direct access to the choices file or other questionnaire subpages, so if you need values from other pages you can use a Cache command to store them in a JavaScript array.


The JavaScript variable will be called CACHENAME, and will include any items matching REGEXPATTERN. This regular expression must match the beginning of the choice key, but is not required to match the end of the key. Thus, if you want to get non-terminal choices (e.g. noun1, but not noun1_name, noun1_feat1_name, etc.), use a $ at the end of the pattern. DISPLAYSUBKEY, if provided, is used to get the choice value displayed in the questionnaire. For instance, if you want to cache all nouns, but want them to be displayed by their name, use the following:

    Cache nouns noun[0-9]+$ name

Toggling an element on a choice

As described above, several of the UI elements can automatically be toggled on or off given a choice on another subpage. The functionality of this is as follows: if any non empty value exists in this position, then the UI element is skipped, unless the UI element matches a choice on a different page as described below.

While the syntax of where the switching string appears given a UI element (see specific sections for this syntax), the syntax is the same across sections. The syntax is as follows:


Some notes on matching values:

Note that if a match is made, a UI element is rendered, and a choice is made, and then the original choice is unchecked, the dependent choices will be lost (on loading the page they are from). This is intended behavior. Ideally, the choice would be removed in any case, but this is future work.


 fillvalues p=nominalization l=1 

(this will give you a dropdown with only values from the Nominalization page).

Common mistakes

    Radio neg-infl-type "Negative inflection type" "On: " ""

    . aux "Auxiliaries only" "" "auxiliaries only "
    . main "Main verbs only" "" "main verbs only "
    . aux-main "Main or auxiliary verbs" "" "any finite verb (main or auxiliary)<br>" x

    Radio neg-infl-type "Negative inflection type" "On: "

matrixdef_File_Syntax (last edited 2019-08-29 20:23:52 by OlgaZamaraeva)

(The DELPH-IN infrastructure is hosted at the University of Oslo)