ESD Test Suite Examples

The dog barks every day.
Browne arrived the day of the garden dog.
The dog barks there.
The day the dog barked arrived.
The meeting that day was local.

Linguistic Characterization

English has a variety of expressions which express the location of an entity or event in time or space but which do not specify any particular relationship between the entity/event and the location. These expressions include temporal modifiers, such as now, when, every day, the day after you met Sandy as well as locative ones including here, there and where. In the semantics, we characterize these expressions as introducing both an entity (and its associated quantifier) which denotes the location which the event is related to and an EP with the predicate loc_nonsp relating the event to that entity. Another characteristic construction where a spatio-temporal modifier can appear without an overt mark of the type of location relation is in relative clauses whose head noun functions as a modifier within the relative clause.

Motivating Examples

This analysis involves a certain amount of ‘decomposition’ in the semantics; the alternative would be to have predicate symbols such as today_n or here_n which directly take events as the value of their ARG1. The decomposition is motivated on the basis of the parallelism to examples with prepositions contributing EPs analogous to loc_nonsp:

Furthermore, while a lexical, non-decomposed analysis could in principle be given to forms such as today, this analysis does not scale to phrasal modifiers appearing the same use or to the relative clause examples:

Examples like the following show that the modified element can also be an entity (not just an event):

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loc_nonsp[ARG1 i, ARG2 x]



Open Questions

Grammar Version

More Information

ErgSemantics/ImplicitLocatives (last edited 2015-06-04 17:11:52 by EmilyBender)

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